15 dic. 2014

Domovoi / Domovik

Domovoi by Ashewednesday
"Domovoi (ucraniano: Домовик, Domovík; ruso: домовoй, Domovoy) es la deidad del hogar, que cuida de la vida de toda la familia que habita en una casa.
Literalmente significa el espíritu de la casa en el folclore eslavo.
(...)
Para atraer al Domovoi, se sale fuera de la vivienda vistiendo las mejores ropas, y se dice en voz alta Dedushka Dobrojot (benévolo abuelo), por favor entra en mi casa y ayuda a los tuyos. Para librarse de un Domovoi rival, hay que golpear las paredes con un haz, gritando abuelo Domovoi, ayúdame a echar el intruso. En caso de mudanza, se dice ¡Domovoi, Domovoi, no permanezcas aquí y ven nuestra la familia!
Cuando una nueva casa es construida, la tradición polaca atrae un Domovoi colocando un trozo de pan debajo de la estufa o cocina, mientras que en la tradición rusa se invita al antiguo Domovoi de la casa que ha acompañado a la familia con el ofrecimiento de una bota vieja como lugar para alojarse en la casa nueva. En la tradición ucraniana, cuando una familia cambia de casa, dicen que la última noche antes de cambiarse, hay que dar a Domovik de comer y beber, y pedirle que vaya con todos la nueva vivienda, ya que la economía doméstica depende de él.
Un pan salado envuelto en una tela blanca sirve apara apaciguar al espíritu, y la colocación de un lino blanco y limpio en la habitación, es una invitación a que coma con la familia. Colgar botas viejas en el patio, es otra forma de honrarlo."
Домовой - хозяйственник
ENGLISH:

"Traditionally, every house is said to have its domovoi. It does not do evil unless angered by a family’s poor keep of the household, profane language or neglect. The domovoi is seen as the home's guardian, and he sometimes helps with household chores and field work. Some even treat them as part of the family, albeit an unseen one, and leave them gifts such as milk and biscuits in the kitchen overnight.
To attract a Domovoi, you would go outside of your house wearing your best clothing and say aloud "Grandfather Dobrokhot, please come into my house and tend the flocks." To rid yourself of a rival Domovoi, you would beat your walls with a broom, shouting "Grandfather Domovoi, help me chase away this intruder." When moving, some might make an offering to the Domovoi and say "Domovoi! Domovoi! Don't stay here but come with our family!"

It is said the favorite place for these spirits to live is either the threshold under the door or under the stove. The center of the house is also said to be their domain. The Domovoi maintains peace and order, and rewards a well-maintained household.
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 The domovoi does have a more malicious side. Although one's own domovoi could be considered an ally, the domovoi from a neighboring household brought no happiness. Russian folklore says that a domovoi could harass horses in the stable overnight, as well as steal the grain of a neighbour to feed his own horses. Still, domoviye could befriend one another and were said to gather together for loud winter parties.

Tradition says if a domovoi becomes unhappy, it plays nasty tricks on the members of the household. Those include moving and rattling small objects, breaking dishes, leaving muddy little footprints, causing the walls of a house to creak, banging on pots and moaning. If the family can determine the cause of their domovoi's discontent, they can rectify the situation and return things to normal.
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It is also said that Domovoi like to make the sound, "He! He! He!, Ho! Ho!, Ho!" when they are excited or happy."

Russian Totoro - Domovyonok Kuzya 

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